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Retirement NewsThe 5 Most Important Changes to Your Retirement in Congress’s New ‘Secure 2.0’ Bills | #retirement | #elderly | #seniors

The 5 Most Important Changes to Your Retirement in Congress’s New ‘Secure 2.0’ Bills | #retirement | #elderly | #seniors


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Get ready for more changes to the U.S. retirement system. Congress is again aiming for the U.S. retirement system less than two years after signing the Secure Act into law. The House and Senate each have a bipartisan bill in the early stages of the legislative process, according to CNBC, and want to build upon the Secure Act to expand retirement security and encourage Americans to save.

See: Jaw-Dropping Stats About the State of Retirement in America
Find: AARP’s CEO Says It’s Time to Rethink Retirement

The Securing a Strong Retirement Act, also known as Secure 2.0, has bipartisan support, and there will likely be action sooner rather than later, Timothy Lynch, senior director at the law firm of Morgan Lewis told CNBC. However, he noted that the bills would need to be worked out, especially when it comes to offsetting revenue losses, reports CNBC.

If this legislation becomes law, here is how retirement savers may be impacted.

One woman, modern mature business lady sitting in cafe alone, using laptop.

One woman, modern mature business lady sitting in cafe alone, using laptop.

Retirement and Student Loan Debt

Typically, employers can match retirement contributions up to a certain amount. Under the proposed legislation, employers can make matching contributions to workers’ retirement accounts based on workers’ own student loan payments. This would apply to 401(k) plans, 403(b) plans, SIMPLE IRAs and 457(b) plans, reports Kiplinger.

Find: Americans Over 50 Could Benefit Most From Student Loan Forgiveness

Active senior man jogging on a sunny day.

Active senior man jogging on a sunny day.

Catch-Up Contributions

Under current law, workers at age 50 can make catch-up contributions to their retirement accounts. For the current year, workers can contribute an extra $6,500 to 401(k) and 403(b) plans after reaching the $19,500 limit. For a SIMPLE IRA, they can add $3,000, noted Kiplinger.

Under the proposed bill, workers between the ages of 62 and 64 can contribute an extra $10,000 to 401(k) and 403(b) plans. Participants in a SIMPLE IRA could contribute an additional $5,000.

Additionally, Congress wants catch-up limits for workers 50 and older to be indexed for inflation beginning in 2023. According to Kiplinger, catch-up contribution amounts have been limited to $1,000 since 2006.

Related: Forgot to Roll Over Your Old 401(k)s? You’re Not Alone — This New Bill Could Help

Shot of a mature man using a laptop while working out his retirement plan at home..

Shot of a mature man using a laptop while working out his retirement plan at home..

Required Minimum Distributions

The Secure Act changed when the required minimum distributions must begin from age 72 to 70 ½. Under the House bill, annual withdrawals wouldn’t have to start until age 73 in 2022, age 74 in 2029 and then age 75 by 2032, according to CNBC.

Meanwhile, the Senate bill would raise the age to 75 by 2032, waive RMDs for individuals with less than $100,000 in retirement savings and reduce the penalty for failing to take minimum distributions to 25% from 50%.

Related: Nearly Half of Seniors Expect to Work After Retirement — But There Might Be a Better Option

Cropped shot of a cheerful elderly woman hugging her husband who's in a wheelchair at home during the day.

Cropped shot of a cheerful elderly woman hugging her husband who’s in a wheelchair at home during the day.

Annuity Contracts

Individuals can set up income streams later in life, called a qualified longevity annuity contract, or QLAC, reports CNBC. Currently, the maximum that can go into a QLAC is $135,000 or 25% of the value of your retirement accounts, whichever is less.

Both bills want to remove this cap and the Senate wishes to increase the maximum to $200,000. The bipartisan bills also call for the Treasury Department to create regulations to allow exchange-traded funds, or ETFs, to be investment options in variable annuity contracts.

Discover: Social Security Benefits Might Be Cut Soon – This Calculator Shows You How Much You’ll Lose

Mature male worker is using a laptop in high end restaurant.

Mature male worker is using a laptop in high end restaurant.

Auto-Enrollment in Retirement Savings Plans

The House bill would require employers to automatically enroll workers in their 401(k) plan at a rate of at least 3% and then increase it each year until the worker is contributing 10% of their pay, reports CNBC. Smaller businesses with 10 employees or fewer or businesses under three years old would be excluded.

Learn More: Social Security Cost-of-Living Adjustments Aren’t Enough to Pay Higher Costs for Seniors

The Senate bill would not require auto-enrollment but it does include incentives to encourage companies to offer this feature.

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This article originally appeared on GOBankingRates.com: The 5 Most Important Changes to Your Retirement in Congress’s New ‘Secure 2.0’ Bills



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